How to Change and Manage Background Wallpapers in Ubuntu [Beginner's Tip]

This beginner's tutorial explains various ways of changing desktop background in Ubuntu, along with some additional wallpaper management tips.
Warp Terminal

The simplest way to customize Ubuntu is to change the wallpaper. A good wallpaper changes the looks of the desktop drastically.

Changing the desktop background in Ubuntu is just a matter of a right click. However, I am writing this tutorial to share a few behind-the-scene tips and information you might miss or never know even after using Ubuntu for years.

Change desktop background from Ubuntu settings

If you are using Ubuntu with the default GNOME desktop, you should find a dedicated background option in the system settings.

Press the Windows/Super key and look for Settings (or Background).

settings application ubuntu
Go to Settings

Go to the Background tab and you’ll see a bunch of wallpapers. These are the default Ubuntu wallpapers that come pre-installed with the operating system.

The current wallpaper is displayed at the top. You’ll also notice that some wallpapers have a clock icon. These wallpapers change throughout the day at a regular time interval. I’ll explain about them later in this article.

background settings ubuntu
Background Settings ubuntu

To change the wallpaper, just select one of the available images. The change takes place immediately.

You are not restricted to just the handful of pre-installed wallpapers. You can download beautiful Ubuntu wallpapers from the internet. The ‘Add Picture’ option at the top lets you add additional pictures.

Add the pictures of your choice and select the one you what to set as the desktop background. You can remove the additional wallpapers by clicking the x icon on the images.

additional wallpapers ubuntu
Adding additional wallpapers

This is fine but there is an even easier way to set custom desktop backgrounds.

Set any image as desktop background in Ubuntu

You have got some images that you can use as wallpaper. Select the image, right click and select “Set as Wallpaper” option. It immediately changes the desktop background.

setting an image as wallpaper ubuntu
Set an image as wallpaper

When you use this method of setting the wallpaper, your selected image is copied and stored in the Wallpapers folder under the Pictures. This way, even if you accidentally delete the original image file from the Downloads folder (or other location), it keeps on displaying the wallpaper.

wallpapers folder ubuntu
Some additional wallpapers are stored in ~/Pictures/Wallpapers folder

Another way of setting an image as wallpaper is to open the image by double click it. Now right click on it and select “Set as Wallpaper”.

add image as background ubuntu
Open an image, right click and set it as wallpaper

When you use this method of setting wallpaper, the original image is not copied to the Wallpapers folder under Pictures.

When I download a new wallpaper, I use right-click to set it first. When it is saved in the Wallpapers folder, I double-click on the saved images and then set them as wallpaper. This way, the same image is not copied more than once in the Wallpaper directory.

Also note that only standard image types like JPEG, PNG can be used as wallpaper. Images in newer formats like WebP cannot be used as wallpaper for the moment.

Making a wallpaper slideshow

By default, Ubuntu provides a few set of wallpapers that could be rotated. You identify them with the small clock icon. But what if you want to rotate your chosen set of images?

Things are not that simple when it comes to the slideshow. Ubuntu keeps the default wallpapers in /usr/share/backgrounds directory. The rotating wallpaper slideshow is controlled via xml files in /usr/share/gnome-background-properties directory.

The default wallpaper slideshow in Ubuntu is governed by an XML file
The default wallpaper slideshow in Ubuntu is governed by an XML file

With a little knowledge and care, you may edit this XML file and add your custom images, but this is not something everyone will be comfortable with.

As an alternative, you may use dedicated wallpaper applications in Ubuntu. These applications allow you to create a slideshow of wallpapers with your selected images or download and rotate images from selected sources from the internet.

Wallch is one such tool. You may also use Variety or BingWall.

Creating wallpaper slideshow with wallch in Linux
Creating a wallpaper slideshow with Wallch

If you are using a multi-monitor setup and want to set a different wallpaper on different screens, you’ll have to use a tool like HydraPaper.

Setting up different wallpaper for each monitor on Linux
Setting different wallpaper on different screen

More on wallpapers

If you have a multi-monitror setup, this tool allows you to set different wallpapers on different monitors in Ubuntu.

HydraPaper: A Wallpaper Manager for Linux with Multi-Monitor Support
Brief: HydraPaper is an impressive wallpaper manager for Linux users that also supports multi-monitor setups. Let us take a closer look. By default, you get the ability to set wallpapers as per the desktop environment on your Linux distribution. And, it is often limiting when trying to add…

And if you need some suggestions, here are a few beautiful wallpapers for you.

Download 10 Beautiful Wallpapers for Your Ubuntu Desktop
Default Ubuntu wallpapers look beautiful. But, if you want to top it off with wallpaper from another source, we’ve got your back. You can take a look at our separate list of default Ubuntu wallpaper collections if that interests you. Here, we’ve shared some of the best-looking wallpapers

If nostalgia kicks in, take a look at all the official Ubuntu backgrounds.

Every Ubuntu Default Wallpaper So Far
This is a collection of default Ubuntu wallpapers of all the releases so far. Each Ubuntu release is different from the other releases in various ways. Each release has a different code name and a different version number. I have explained the logic behind Ubuntu version and codenames so I

You might wonder if changing wallpapers in Ubuntu requires a dedicated tutorial. But it may help the absolute beginner and even teach something new to regular Ubuntu users.

Did you learn something new from this tutorial?

About the author
Abhishek Prakash

Abhishek Prakash

Created It's FOSS 11 years ago to share my Linux adventures. Have a Master's degree in Engineering and years of IT industry experience. Huge fan of Agatha Christie detective mysteries 🕵️‍♂️


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