Getting Started with Linux Mint? Focus on These Three Tools

Brief: Dave Merritt explains how Linux Mint is excellent in doing some basic stuff like customization, updates and system settings.

About 18 months ago I switched to Linux Mint Cinnamon, and at this point, it’s hard for me to imagine using any other OS.

I have already told you about things I like in Linux Mint. In this article, I hope to further explain why Linux Mint has become my go-to operating system.

Linux Mint: Must Use Tools

Linux Mint features

Since I stumbled onto Mint while distro-hopping, I thought it best to present a few of Mint’s “deep” features in the same order that I first encountered them.

1. Update Manager: Setting your own update policy

As any veteran distro-hopper can tell you, the first boot of a new OS only puts you sort of near to almost having a finished OS. The next step is to overwrite almost everything the installer just wrote on your drive and replace it with both the latest versions and with versions which most closely match your hardware configuration. So shortly after the first boot most distros will then open their updater and display a long list of updates.

Quickly we see that Mint separates itself from the pack because in Mint we’re first asked to set an update policy. And it’s worthwhile to stop and consider how clever this is. By choosing the level of risk you’re willing to take, you’re also assessing your own ability to solve possible future problems. This way conservative and adventurous users are equally accommodated. But, there is also the developer’s point of view to consider. If all users were timid it would be very difficult to move forward at all, let alone quickly. Some users have to live on the cutting edge, otherwise, developers would have to work in a total vacuum.

Linux Mint basic settings and usage

As you can see I chose the middle setting; I was still smarting from a kernel regression a year earlier which had knocked out my wi/fi and ethernet. Of course, bad kernels can be removed—very easily if you have a decent system backup and especially easily if you use Timeshift—but it’s still a hassle, and can be terrifying for novice users.

I’ve often wondered why such kernels are released in the first place—or why it wasn’t at least flagged as being risky. Someone at Linux Mint obviously asked the same question and created this chart.

Linux Mint basic settings and usage

All incoming updates are rated and then colour-coded. “Sensitive” updates such as “mesa”, “Linux Firmware” and new kernels are made obvious, and, as my system is configured I have to deliberately tick the box in order for them to be installed.

But Mint doesn’t stop there. Click on “View” and then “Linux kernels” and a window opens allowing you to view your Linux kernel history, and allowing you to view Bug reports and the CVE tracker on yet to be installed kernels. Further, it also allows you to remove or install particular kernels.

Linux Mint basic settings and usage

Of course, none of this prevents you from installing a bad kernel but it does give experienced users a solid framework to avoid kernels which might be.

A final feature (not shown here) is that when updates appear you are provided with a full description, including any additions deletions or alterations to your libraries. The same feature also allows you to read the changelogs as well.

But the great beauty of this is that the more timid user can safely ignore everything I’ve just written! By choosing the “Just keep my computer safe” option, the update system automatically selects only kernels and updates with proven stability. Thus Linux Mint can accommodate two entirely different pools of users and, at the same time, keep development on the fast track.

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2. Software Manager: An ever-improving tool

Now that you’ve booted up Linux Mint Cinnamon for the second time, and In a certain sense the first time as a full-blown system, it’s usually time to add all the applications big and small that make your computing environment perfect. For me, this is easy because Mint comes with most of my go-to applications already installed.

Linux Mint basic settings and usage

(Further, I’ve never had any trouble installing applications in Linux. If they aren’t in the official repositories I can add PPAs either in the terminal or by downloading and letting Package Manager install .deb packages. In fact, I don’t even bother checking if the distro’s repositories have “Grub Customizer”: I simply enter three commands into the terminal and 2 minutes later I’m using it.)

But more timid users—users who would prefer to use a graphical software manager at all times—are in for a treat. Mint has expanded the number of available programs along with successively tweaking both its appearance and functionality. I noticed, as a single example, that with the last upgrade—to 18.3—Mint now includes an ever-growing “Flatpak” section as well.

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3. System Settings: Your Customization Central

The next and usually final thing a self-respecting distro-hopper does is to attempt to bend the desktop to their will. We want our new OS to look and behave in accordance with our preferences—even when we’re being dumb—rather than being forced to live with someone else’s dumb ideas. For me switching from “double click” to “single click” is my first priority. So far as I’m concerned the failure of a distro to provide this option is grounds for dismissing it outright.

(If I live to be 1,000 I’ll never understand the double click. Is our OS so busy pursuing such a hyperactive inner life that the first click is meant as a polite tap on the shoulder? Or is it like a practice swing in golf, so that when we click a second time—the click that really matters—our click will be in absolute top-top form? And if a left click has to be done twice, why do right clicks only have to be done once? Why does the OS trust a right click but treat a left click with extreme skepticism? Is there lateral bigotry at work here? I find the issue baffling and if anyone can come up with a good reason for it I wish they’d tell me. Whew, I fell so much better now!)

Eventually, however, we all get around to appearance. Some distros are gorgeous. Does anyone still remember Ultimate Edition, for example? If not consider the current version Elementary OS. It’s so beautiful, you almost fear touching it. I fell the same about every version of Zorin I’ve used.

Linux Mint, however, is different. To be charitable let’s simply say that Mint invites a high degree of customization.

Linux Mint basic settings and usage

As all distro-hoppers know we next need to open the System Settings menu. The first thing that struck me on opening Mint’s for the first time was its sheer size in comparison to every other Linux distro I’ve seen. (To take this screenshot I had to set the panel to auto-hide and I still couldn’t show it all!)

And the place we usually start is with replacing the wallpaper. As with all Linux systems right-clicking on any photo file offers an option to set it as your background. But with Mint, you are given several version-specific sets of photos to choose from. And if none appeal to you, you can create your own sets and add them to Mint’s roster.

Linux Mint basic settings and usage

The reason I mention sets of photos is that under “settings” you can toggle the desktop slideshow feature on. The system will default to the source folder that holds your current background, and will then cycle through the entire folder either—in order or at random—and at intervals of your choosing.

Linux Mint basic settings and usage

But probably the most pleasant surprise for me when I booted up Mint for the second time was opening the “Themes” tab. Instead of being able to adjust some elements to some degree Mint places everything in front of you and allows you to easily and independently make many changes.

Linux Mint basic settings and usage

At this point, each section is already populated with a wide selection. But using the “Add/Remove” feature allows you to download, install and use scores of alternative desktop designs. Most of these give alternative looks to the panel, the main menu and panel sub-menus. Some themes are larger and come with their own “controls” and “windows borders” designs as well. These elements are then made independently available, so for example, I can apply the “Zorin 8-Black” window border to the “Glass-Glaucous” panel theme.

Linux Mint basic settings and usage

None of these adjustments will make the Cinnamon desktop look or act like a Mac. Or Unity or Gnome or KDE for that matter. Though I’ve never seen a mission statement on his point from Linux Mint Cinnamon they obviously seem to be about offering a maximally Windows-like environment. (Which explains why so many of the alternate desktop themes are Windows related.) I think this design strategy makes Linux Mint Cinnamon the perfect landing spot for users fleeing Microsoft. The familiarity of its look and behavior will certainly flatten the learning curve.

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Bonus tool: Hot Corners: An Elegant alternative to Desk Cube

Normally once we’ve personalized the desktop there’s not much left to do but use it. Really, with every other distro I’ve used this is as far as you can go. But subsequent poking around revealed to me a wealth of other things waiting in the weeds. I discussed the flexibility of Mint’s sound scripts in an earlier article. But the final feature I’d like to discuss here is called “Hot Corners”.

Linux Mint basic settings and usage

Based, I’d guess, on the same digital foundation as the Gnome activities dash, Mint has added features to it so that it can, among other things, be made to act as an elegant workplace switcher and previewer.

Hovering on the top right corner of my desktop activates it. All workplaces are shown, all active applications are shown and if more than one application is running on a given workplace they are separated so they can be clearly displayed. One click will switch you application and/or desktop.

Linux Mint basic settings and usage

I found that when I first started using it I was forever setting it off my mistake if, for example, I was a little too slow in closing off a maximized window. But like most of the problems I’ve found in Mint, it comes with its own solution. In this case, I simply increased the delay time to .4 seconds and it works exactly as and when I want it to.

Conclusions:

In many ways Linux Mint is too deep to discuss in one article; in writing this I had to discard quite a lot. Mint’s Screensaver comes to mind, but also Nemo File Manager’s many right-click options. But the plain truth is that there are widgets and applets in especially in “Extensions” I still have not gotten around to experimenting with.

Finally, I’ve been using a computer of some sort for at least 30 years. I had a Commodore, an Apple, and a DOS PC. I’ve used Microsoft ME through to Windows 10. In Linux, I’ve used Ubuntu pre and post Unity, Linux Mint Mate, Fedora, Arch and Zorin. Overall these machines and systems and all this time, I’ve never had what I’m enjoying right now: 18 months and counting of completely trouble-free computer use.

Dave Merritt

Dave Merritt

I’m a 59 years old, full­time landscaper and part­time PCmedic. I’ve been an avid Linux user for over ten years. In that time, I do not claim to have made every possible mistake, only most of them. I’m a big fan of prog rock, avant­ jazz and J S Bach, and enjoy reading Neal Stephenson and anything to do with the foundational problems in modern physics.

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  • Hi I’ve got an old toshiba laptop I tried to put Linux mint on but it don’t support USB boot so tried the disk but that’s not working either, I can’t Google anything on the laptop due to a big white square coining on with a circular refresh thing I have left it over night and sill done nothing, even with the USB it say its an ISO file but in the laptop it tells me took go on the Internet to find a program to open it, and that don’t really help as keeps telling my Internet is disconnected but when I go to it it say connect, help me get Linux on my laptop please as wanted to try it out before putting on pc or other laptop thanks John