Besides Switzerland and the USA, Japan is now the most recent implementer of Blockchain in its voting system. Let’s take a look at the news in brief and also the current challenges in the model. Can Open Source help in tackling them?
To learn more on Blockchain, please look into one of our previous articles where we have discussed Blockchain in detail.
First let us look into the voting system into which Blockchain was implemented at Tsukuba, Japan.
Like there is the allocation of Social Security Number (SSN) in the USA, Japan has a similar system called My Number that was launched in October 2015, which is a unique 12 digit identification number.
By transferring and integrating all of these records into a Blockchain, voters can now be uniquely identified digitally, making the voting process very convenient, as described by the mayor of Tsukuba, Tatsuo Igarashi:
“I had thought [Blockchain] would involve more complicated procedures, but I found that it’s minimal and easy.”Tsukuba Mayor, Tatsuo Igarashi
The following video highlights his views and also mentions a setback in the new system.
Complete details of the initiative (translated) are available on the Tsukuba city page.
Though integrating Blockchain with the “My Number” system makes the voting process easier, there really are some notable setbacks, one of which is described in the video that needs to be dealt with in order to improve this voting system.
Tackling Blockchain based Voting System Challenges with an Open Source Approach
The first setback is a necessary requirement to remember passwords as shown in the video above. It’s a common scenario where voters can easily forget them.
Well, a solution to eliminate such an issue could be initiatives like Remme.io, where they are building an Open Source Distributed Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) protocol to make passwordless authentication possible. This Open Source code base is freely accessible on GitHub. There are more passwordless authorization systems from six other Blockchain solution providers as well:
Another challenge is probable fear among people about how trustworthy this system really is.
“Due to fears of errors, administrative organizations and election boards are likely to find it difficult to introduce [Blockchain].”Tohoku University Prof. Kazunori Kawamura
The best way to tackle this situation would be to bring in the use of Open Standards, which would make the entire model transparent (We have mentioned Open Standards in our first Science article). Tech Communities can come together in raising awareness about this new Blockchain based model to encourage more people to adopt this system.
Code that is being used for the development of Blockchain based platforms can be declared Open Source, to enable experts in the field to easily contribute to making eVoting better and better. One example for this is Democracy.earth, who have their entire code base available on GitHub.
It should be noted that Japan has indeed adopted an Open Model into its Blockchain practices before conducting this voting experiment. A Japanese Internet Giant launched an Open Source Blockchain Project on July 6 last year.
Also, on June 26 and 27 this year, Japan held their first International Blockchain Conference at Tokyo, where more than 100 technologists participated in sharing their knowledge in the field, with approximately 10,000 visitors!