Brief: This tutorial shows you how to backup and restore Linux system easily with Timeshift application.
Be it a beginner or an advanced coder, a Linux user will, at some point find the need for a backup solution. All it takes is just one sudo command to go wrong and you’ll be sent back to the Stone Age. Linux shows you no mercy when you don’t have a solid a backup.
There are lots of impressive backup software available for Linux. Almost all distros come with an easy to use backup tool too. They back up and keep your docs, music and other important stuff safe.
But, it’s reinstalling all the software, drivers and configuring the system that turns out to be a nightmare. Although there are software like Aptik which do backup all your installed packages, They still don’t just cut it.
Easily backup and restore Linux system settings desktop with Timeshift
Well, when you are trying to get Nvidia drivers to work on your Linux installation or getting that new Gnome to work on your system, there is a good chance that your system won’t log into a graphical environment at all depending on your distro and the instructions you followed.
Maybe you skipped a step and you realized it a little too late. In any case, your next action would be to scavenge the web for repair instructions which can be real frustrating. Maybe you are just having some regression in the system after you installed something and want it to run smoothly like before.
Bought a new computer and want to shift your entire OS with all its settings and customizations to the new PC?
Timeshift is your answer.
What does Timeshift do?
See Timeshift doesn’t backup your regular files in the home folder. You can do that with Deja Dup.
Timeshift is for backing up system files and settings. So that when you are configuring your system and making some customization and messed it up, you could revert to the older system snapshot.
Installing Timeshift in Linux
Let’s see how to install Timeshift in various Linux distributions.
1. For Ubuntu and Linux Mint
Timeshift is available in the Universe repository of Ubuntu 20.04 and higher versions. This means you can install it on Ubuntu 20.04 and Linux Mint 20 using the apt command.
Open the terminal in Ubuntu and enter the following command:
sudo apt install timeshift
For Ubuntu 18.04 and Linux Mint 19 series, you’ll have to add a PPA.
Enter the below commands one by one:
sudo apt-add-repository -y ppa:teejee2008/ppa sudo apt update sudo apt install timeshift
2. For Arch Linux, Antergos, Apricity and Manjaro
The latest version of Timeshift backup solution in available in the Arch User Repository. Enable AUR and get Timeshift with the following command.
How to use Timeshift to backup and restore a Linux system
Now that you have it installed, let’s see how to use it.
A. Making a backup of your Linux system
Well, there’s no command line hassle here. Launch Timeshift from the menu. Put in your sudo password when asked. Click on create. Quickly watch this video while Timeshift does its thing. Done.
You may choose to alter the parameters of backup such as backup location from the menu.
You may even schedule daily or weekly backups. Automated backups so that if shit goes south, you got a recent rollback ready every time.
B. Restoring your Linux system
1. From the same OS
When you can still log onto to your OS and want to go back to a previous state of your PC, just launch Timeshift from Menu or Dash and select a Restore Image and hit restore. That’s all.
2. Restoring when you can’t log into your Linux system
This section is for systems which can’t log into a Graphical Environment, are completely formatted or damaged beyond repair.
You’ll need a Live USB. I very highly recommend you to always keep either a Ubuntu Live USB or an Ubuntu DVD with you as this can be a lifesaver. There is no excuse for not having this.
Anyway, boot into a live session and download and install Timeshift using the same above install instructions (yes, you can install applications in live sessions).
After installation, launch the application and browse to your backup location and select restore (yes, you can access your hard drive using a live session).
I recommend you let timeshift install the bootloader again.
Can backup and restore Linux system get any easier? This program gives you the ability to tinker around, mess up, try new stuff without any fear or regret. This tool is invaluable for new Linux converts who might break stuff. But the thing about Linux users, they never stop tinkering. I mean never. So you still must get it even if you are an expert in handling the Penguin.
What is your view on the amazing Timeshift? How do you backup Linux system?
Also, do tell us situations where you messed up real bad and timeshift could have been or has been useful. Don’t forget to share. You might save a Linux life :D