If you have just installed Ubuntu or some other Ubuntu flavors like Kubuntu, Lubuntu etc, you’ll notice that your system doesn’t play some audio or video file.
For video files, you can install VLC on Ubuntu. VLC one of the best video players for Linux and can play almost any video file format. But you’ll still have troubles with audio media files and flash player.
The good thing is that Ubuntu provides a single package to install all the essential media codecs: ubuntu-restricted-extras.
What is Ubuntu Restricted Extras?
Since these software are not open source and some of them involve software patents, Ubuntu doesn’t install them by default. You’ll have to use multiverse repository, the software repository specifically created by Ubuntu to provide non-open source software to its users.
Please read this article to learn more about various Ubuntu repositories.
How to install Ubuntu Restricted Extras?
I find it surprising that the software center doesn’t list Ubuntu Restricted Extras. In any case, you can install the package using command line and it’s very simple.
Open a terminal by searching for it in the menu or using the terminal keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Alt+T.
Since ubuntu-restrcited-extras package is available in the multiverse repository, you should verify that the multiverse repository is enabled on your system:
sudo add-apt-repository multiverse
And then you can install it in Ubuntu default edition using this command:
sudo apt install ubuntu-restricted-extras
When you enter the command, you’ll be asked to enter your password. When you type the password, nothing is displayed on the screen. That’s normal. Type your password and press enter.
It will show a huge list of packages to be installed. Press enter to confirm your selection when it asks.
You’ll also encounter an EULA (End User License Agreement) screen like this:
It could be overwhelming to navigate this screen but don’t worry. Just press tab and it will highlight the options. When the correct options are highlighted, press enter to confirm your selection.
Once the process finishes, you should be able to play MP3 and other media formats thanks to newly installed media codecs.
Installing restricted extra package on Kubuntu, Lubuntu, Xubuntu
Do keep in mind that Kubuntu, Lubuntu and Xubuntu has this package available with their own respective names. They should have just used the same name but they don’t unfortunately.
On Kubuntu, use this command:
sudo apt install kubuntu-restricted-extras
On Lubuntu, use:
sudo apt install lubuntu-restricted-extras
On Xubuntu, you should use:
sudo apt install xubuntu-restricted-extras
I always recommend getting ubuntu-restricted-extras as one of the essential things to do after installing Ubuntu. It’s good to have a single command to install multiple codecs in Ubuntu.
I hope you like this quick tip in the Ubuntu beginner series. I’ll share more such tips in the future.