A quick tutorial to show you how to install GNOME in Ubuntu 14.04.
In the series to install various desktop environment other than the default Unity, we have already seen:
Of course the above two tutorials also contains the instructions to remove those desktop environments. Continuing the series, we shall see how to install GNOME Shell or GNOME desktop in Ubuntu 14.04.
Before we proceed to see the installation instructions, let’s first see the difference between GNOME Shell and GNOME Desktop.
Difference between GNOME Shell and GNOME Desktop
GNOME Shell is simply a desktop environment which changes the user interface. GNOME Desktop on the other hand has lot more than GNOME Shell. Think of GNOME Desktop as a super set of GNOME shell. It contains GNOME Shell and various Gnome specific applications, packages along with gnome-session.
If you are wondering about whether you should install GNOME Shell or Desktop, I would suggest to install GNOME Shell. It will give you a feel of GNOME and you can easily remove it as well.
Install GNOME in Ubuntu 14.04
GNOME is already included in Ubuntu software repository. All you have to do is to open a terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) and use the following command to install GNOME Shell in Ubuntu 14.04:
sudo apt-get install gnome-shell
Similarly, to install GNOME Desktop, use the following command:
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-gnome-desktop
Remember to choose LightDM when prompted for it during the installation. Use Tab to move between the choices and Enter to confirm your selection.
Even later, you can opt to switch between GDM and LightDM.
Using GNOME in Ubuntu 14.04
Once installed, log out of the system and click on the Ubuntu icon besides the login field. Choose GNOME from the drop down:
This is what GNOME Shell looks like on my system:
Looks nice isn’t it?
Remove GNOME from Ubuntu 14.04
If you did not like GNOME and want to get rid of it, you can simply remove it using the following command if you installed GNOME Shell:
sudo apt-get remove gnome-shell
and this command if you installed GNOME Desktop:
sudo apt-get remove ubuntu-gnome-desktop
I hope this tutorial helped you to install GNMOE in Ubuntu 14.04. Since you have installed it, you should also consider to give it a different look and install themes in GNOME Shell with some of the best GNOME Shell themes. If you faced any issues, feel free to ask in the comment section. Ciao :)